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The Governor and the Government of the Chelyabinsk region

"MOOSE" - the Most Ancient Geoglyph on Earth

In 2011 the first geoglyph in Russia was found in the Chelyabinsk region - giant (275 x 210 m in size) image of a hoofed animal produced on the ground by means of stones and clay. The geoglyph was given the name "Moose".

South Urals geoglyph was lucky - its detection became possible thanks to space photos due to the fact that the locality preserved its natural landscape. There is no wood here which could prevent the monument form being discerned. Though basic scientific research of the Moose is still ahead, there is no doubt that the ancient monument is man-made. It has been created in the period from the 6-th till the 3-rd century B.C. - during the Neolithic or the Eneolithic era. Hence, this geoglyph is not the only one in Russia but also the most ancient one on Earth.

The first excavations are already made near the hoof and muzzle of the animal which made it possible to determine the construction technique. To form the contours of the giant moose, stones were arranged in a line; probably our ancestors took them nearby, from the Zyuratkul ridge. Along the edges of "stony" strip 4-7 meters in width large stones are laid having 1-2 meters in diameter. Originally the scientists made a supposition that large stones were meant for strengthening of the boundaries of the construction, but afterwards it became clear that they form decorative framing of the general pattern. Also, broken stones and clay were used in the process of construction. The contour can be clearly seen only from the height, and this means that our ancestors must have monitored the accuracy of the lines from the nearby ridge named Zyuratkul.

Let us note that the most well-known geoglyphs at the Nazca Desert plateau in the southern part of Peru are made using quite different technique - by taking off the upper layer of the soil. South American figures include straight lines, triangles, spirals, a bird, a monkey, a spider and flowers. The most similar technique to that of the South Urals Moose is the technique used to craft English geoglyphs, Uffington White Horse and Cerne Abbas Giant.

The South Urals geoglyph is of religious, sacral nature, it is an appeal to Gods - this is evidenced by the fact that contours of the moose in detail can bee seen only from the bird-eye perspective. It is already clear that this is not the only enigma of Zyuratkul land, and soon sites of ancient people which have constructed the monument will be found here.

Created: January 14, 2014
Updated: January 27, 2014

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