Welcome to the Chelyabinsk region – one of the most economically developed regions of Russia.
The Chelyabinsk region is part of the Uralsk federal region of Russia. The regional center is the city of Chelyabinsk, which is located at the distance of 1919 km from Moscow.
The region is located in the center of the Eurasia continent, in the Southern part pf the Urals, at the border of two parts of the world – Europe and Asia. Part of the populated areas are located in Europe, and part – in Asia.
The South-Eastern part of the Chelyabinsk region has the state borderline with the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The region takes up the area of 88.5 thousand sq. M and it stretches from the South to the North for 490 km, from the West to the East – for 400 km. That is 0.5% of the whole area of Russia, which is comparable with the sizes of Hungary, Portugal, Austria, twice as big as the territory of Denmark and Switzerland, and three times bigger than Belgium and the Netherlands.
There are over 3.5 million people who live on the territory. They are representatives of many different nationalities. About 80% of them are Russian, at the second place in the numbers are the Tatars, and at the third place are the Bashkyrs. There are the Ukrainians, Kazakhs, Germans, Belorussians, Modrwa, etc.The region is highly urbanized – 81.4% of the population live in cities. The city of Chelyabinsk is populated by over 1 million people.
It's the largest transportation hub, connected with communication ways with almost the whole of the Eurasian continent. There are federal automobile roads that pass through the Chelyabinsk area М5, М36, М51 and the South-Urals railroad that is a branch of the Transsibirian Highway. There is an international airport “Chelyabinsk” and federal highways pass through here.
The region contains the following cities (city municipalities): Verkhniy Ufaley, Zlatoust, Karabash, Kopeysk, Kyshtym, Lokomotivnuy, Magnitogorsk, Miass, Ozersk, Snezhinsk, Trehgorniy, Troitsk, Ust-Katav, Chebarkul, Chelyabinsk, Juzhnouralsk.
The largest cities are Chelyabinsk, Magnitogorsk, Zlatoust, Miass, Kopeisk. “The closed” cities are Ozersk, Snezhinsk, Lokomotivniy, Trekhgorniy.
The region also includes the following municipal regions: Agapov region, Argayash region, Ashinsk region, Bredinsk region, Varnensk region, Verkhneuralsk region, Emanzhelonsk region, Etkylsk region, Kartalinsk region, Kaslinsk region, Katav-Ivanovskiy region, Kysylsk region, Korkinsk region, Krasnoarmeisk region, Kunashakskiy region, Kusinky region, Nagaibakskiy region, Nezyapovsky region, October region, Plastovsk region. Satkinsk region, Sosnovsky region, Troitskiy region, Uvelsk region, Yuskiy region, Chebarkulsk region, Chesmen region.
The Chelyabinsk region has been one of the largest economical subjects of the Russian Federation. Among the regions of Russia the South Urals takes the fifth place in terms of the volume of foreign investments, The 7th place in the volume of unloaded goods un the manufacturing sectors, and the 15th place in terms of the investments into the capital stock.
The industrial development of the region is determined by the metallurgical, car-building, fuel-energy, construction, agricultural-industrial complexes. There are more than 90 thousand companies registered for all types of property.
The leading in the economy is the metallurgical complex, which produced more than 60% of the volume of industrial products.
A lot of attention is given to the development of small business. In this area every third person involved in the economy works. The share of small business in the total regional product has reached 25%.
The Chelyabinsk region is significantly providing for itself the agricultural products.
There are unique successful companies that play an important role not only in the economy of the region, but of the whole Russia. More information about the economical brands of the Chelyabinsk region can be found here (a link to the brands and a section for investors).
The region has rich and varies natural resources. There have been developed about three hundred mineral reserves, the region has the monopoly in Russia in terms of graphite exploration and processing (95%), magnesium (95%), metallurgical dolomite (71%), and talc (70%).
The advantage of it is the presence of the qualified work resources. There are 1674 thousand people involved in various industries, which is 47.3% of the total population.
The Southern Urals have always differ in its scientific and educational potential. There are more than 34 educational establishments in the region. The fulfilment of scientific work and design projects make up 40 organizations in the city.
CLIMATE AND NATURAL RESOURCES
The Chelyabinsk region has unique natural climatic conditions: the picturesque landscapes, lakes, forests, caves and natural healing springs. This is the base for the development of tourism and vacation industries.
The winter in Chelyabinsk region is cold and long, the summer is relatively hot, with periodically repeated dryness.
The North-Western part of the region is taken up by forests and mountains, and the rest is steppes and forest steppes. The highest point of the region is a mountain Big Nurgush (1406,6 meters).
Within the region a lot of rivers start. The largest are the Ural and the Miass. But the main water treasure are the lakes. The Chelyabinsk region has been called “the region of lakes” - there are about 3170 lakes on its territory, where 98 of the lakes have over 5 sq. M of area? And the largest are the Uvilds – which take up 68 sq. m. There are mineral springs and unique healing mid – people from the whole country come to feel better here. Based on the variety of treatment dirt the region takes one of the first positions for it in Russia. The spa resorts “Uvildas”, “The Urals”, “Elovoe”, etc. Have been known all over Russia.
The skiing is actively developing. There are about 20 mountain skiing complexes in the region, including “Abzakovo”, “Adjigardak”, “Zaviyalikha”, “Metallurg-Magnitogorsk”, “Sollar valley”, which respond by the highest European standards and are very popular.
The forests take up 27% of the territory (more than 2800 thousand hectars) and they are mainly located in the mountains. A unique number of natural and climate conditions that explains the animal world treasure. The territory of the Chelyabinsk region there are animals from three nature zones: mountain-forest, forest-steppe and steppe. Here there are 60 types of mammals and about 300 types of birds, about 20 types of reptiles. There are moose, foxes, wolves, hears, squirrels; out of birds there are ducks, geese, woodcock, black grouse, hazel grouse, etc.
Fast mountain and quiet steppe rivers, deep with ice cold water and covered in silt shallow lakes are the habitats for 60 types of fish.
The representatives of the most numerous group of animals in the planet – the insects shows that only on the territory of Ilmen state reserve there are over 10 thousand types. Among them are numerous insects that bring benefits to nature and to the economic activity of a man (ants and honey bees), but there are also quite a few harmful ones (bark beetles and locusts).
The Red Book of Russia includes a small half-water living animal- a muskrat as well as 20 types of bird world representatives.
Now in the Chelyabinsk region there are over 200 of the specially protected areas that store the national natural inheritance, including two reserves – the state Ilmen reserve and the historical-archaelogical museum-reserve “Arkaim”, two national parks “Taganay” and “Zuratkul”, 150 nature monuments. The total area that is taken up by the most number of the protected natural areas, makes up 1034 thousand hectars or 11% of the region's territory, and the area of the reserves and the national parks is – 220.8 thousand hectars, or 2.5% of the total area.
More detailed information about the natural conditions and the cultural values of the Chelyabinsk region you can find here.
The radiation situation in the territory of Chelyabinsk region is safe for people’s health. Natural radiation background in 2010 was 12 micro Roentgen per hour on the average with consideration of anthropogenic factors which is safe for people’s health. As a comparison, the average radiation background level in France is 9,8 micro Roentgen per hour, in the central area of France (area of granitic rock and hazel) – up to 43 micro Roentgen per hour. The average radiation background in Italy is 10,4 micro Roentgen per hour, in Campania province – up to 23 micro Roentgen per hour, in Orvieto – up to 59 micro Roentgen per hour. The average Russian radiation background is 9-20 micro Roentgen per hour.
You can check the information about radiation background in Chelyabinsk region and at all large radiation objects visiting the website of the Government corporation on nuclear power “Rosatom” in the section “Radiation situation” .
The South-Urals radiation safety experts are constantly observing the radiation doses of air, soil and water, and also radionuclide content in people’s diet.
In Chelyabinsk region there are three cities with the status of closed administrative-territorial entity. They are Ozersk, Snezhinsk and Trekhgorny. Each of them develops its branch of activity within nuclear cycle. The largest enterprise is “Production Association “Mayak”. It is situated in the north of the region, in the closed city Ozersk. The plant was built to produce weapon-grade plutonium. Nowadays on its sites there are civilian productions of nuclear fuel cycle. There are also such productions in France (Areva NC) and Great Britain (BNFL).
At present moment innovation projects in the field of nuclear, radiation and environmental safety assurance according to international standards are being realized in “Mayak”. Existing safety system of PA “Mayak” is recognized to be conforming to requirements of current standards and regulations in the sphere of nuclear power.
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