The most unique cave in the Chelyabinsk region is Ignatievskaya one. It is located on the right bank of the Sim river, 7 km downstream from the Serpievka village in Katav-Ivanovsk district. It is a hold of the Paleolithic era (14,500 years ago) ancient people gallery. In 1949, upon the recommendation of the archaeologist K.V. Salnikov, it was declared to be an archeological significant site. In 1961 it was declared a natural site of regional importance. In 1995 the cave was included in the “List of objects of historical and cultural heritage of federal (all-Russia) importance”.
There are only three comparable caves with Paleolithic drawings of ancient people in Russia: Kapova in Bashkiria, Ignatievskaya and Kolokolnaya near Serpievka village in the Chelyabinsk region. Ignatievskaya cave is very popular among locals, tourists and sightseers from other regions of Russia. It was many times visited by scientists, specialists and archaeologists from other countries.
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