The legendary Tractor Plant celebrates its birthday on June 1. On that day, in 1933, the first Chelyabinsk machines – 60 hp naphtha-fueled tracked tractors “Stalinets-60” (S-60) – left the plant gates. Since its initial startup, the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant has remained the principal national producer of powerful track-type tractors in Russia.
During the Great Patriotic War, ChTZ was renamed as Kirovsky Narkomtankoprom Plant in Chelyabinsk and, incorporated with the other seven enterprises that had been either partially or fully relocated to Chelyabinsk, it was a high-capacity integrated tank production plant. The manufacturing complex as well as, later on, Chelyabinsk as a whole, gained the second unofficial name of Tankograd (“Tank City”). In wartime Chelyabinsk-Tankograd became the largest industrial center of the USSR.
Within an unprecedented tight time-frame, the Chelyabinsk integrated tank production plant became one of the main weapons manufacturing arsenals that produced 18,000 tanks and self-propelled machines, 48,500 tank diesel engines and 17.7 million military ammunition sets for the warfront. The plant produced 13 types of new tanks and SP artillery vehicles, and 6 tank diesel-engine types. In spite of the availability of an incomplete set of documents, the plant started the production of T-34 tanks within a 33 day period. In order to perform the task given by the State Defense Committee, the plant started to produce the totally new JS (Joseph Stalin) heavy tanks. The primary tank attributes of armor, speed and ammunition were well-balanced in those war machines developed at the Tankograd Design Bureau. In addition to thicker armor, more powerful guns and better maneuverability, the weight of the JS tanks was almost 10 tons less than that of the German heavyweights. To produce heavy tanks, an assembly line was established for the first time in the global tank construction practice.
During the war, the enterprise staff was awarded 33 times with the State Defense Committee’s Red Banner for victory in the All-Union competition. The ChTZ staff was honored with two Red Banner Awards which were given to the personnel for eternal keeping.
Today, the Limited Liability Company “Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant – URALTRAC” is an industrial association dealing with the production and marketing of wheeled and tracked road construction machinery (bulldozers, pipe-layers, front loaders, mini-tractors), spare parts and other high-tech machine building products. Enterprises from different industries, such as oil and gas industry, metal mining industry, construction engineering, forest industry etc, in Russia, the other CIS and remote foreign countries, as well as different countries’ national government departments, are consumers of the ChTZ products.
Website at: www.chtz-uraltrac.ru
Address: Lenin Street, 3, Chelyabinsk, Chelyabinsk Region, Russian Federation, 454007
Phone: +7 (351) 775-17-60
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